Space Collection

The exploration of space has always captivated people but braving it without medical supplies and aids would not be possible. This collection features examples of specialised space suits, appliances and food used on space missions, and Latvian inventions for astronaut use. 

The Museum’s collection of USSR space biology artefacts is significant not only for Latvia, but for all of the European Union. It includes various implements for conducting experiments such as the imitation of weightlessness on Earth, and instruments that were actually used on spaceships and in space missions. The collection is continually being expanded with contemporary Latvian inventions, such as the solar-reflective nanopowder developed by the Latvian High-temperature Synthesis Institute at the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Academy of Sciences.

Taxidermy mount of an ape in a centrifuge chair. Used in USSR space experiments in early 1960s. Taxidermist not identified. USSR, late 1960s.

Taxidermy mount of Chernushka — used by the USSR space programme for flying canines to space in 1961. Taxidermist not identified. USSR, mid-1960s.

Soyuz spaceship’s suspension chair, Kazbek model. Designer not identified. USSR, 1970.


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